Britain Owes Reparations to India: Justifying the Claim Term Paper

Table of Contents
  1. Justifying the Reparations
  2. Refuting a Counterargument
  3. Conclusion
  4. References

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History is among the most controversial spheres on this planet. It is so as a result of it permits for providing the utterly reverse interpretations of the identical conditions. For instance, a warfare generally is a proud second for one nation, whereas one other nation can take into account it probably the most tragic occasion. Simultaneously, the rise of an empire can convey increased advantages to the rich inhabitants, whereas the middle-class staff assess this course of negatively as a result of they’re exploited. That is why it’s a typical case that the United States and a few European nations face criticism relating to their previous attitudes towards different nations and peoples. Some consultants imagine that the US and Europe ought to pay reparations to these they oppressed, whereas others state that there is no such thing as a credible reasoning behind this declare. The paper will introduce the instance of Britain and India to justify that Europe and the USA owe reparations and refute a number one counterargument to show this viewpoint.

Justifying the Reparations

To start with, one ought to touch upon the connection that was between India and Britain. It refers to the truth that this Asian nation was underneath British rule for 190 years. This time was not affluent for the nation as a result of “there was no increase in India’s per capita income from 1757 to 1947” (Davis, 2001, p. 311). It implies that native folks’s way of life didn’t rise underneath British rule. This assertion turns into much more stunning when it seems that India witnessed cash-crop booms and exported opium, cotton, and rice (Davis, 2001). However, one can say that this era supplied Britain with totally totally different outcomes. The European nation strengthened its financial system, which allowed it to change into the world’s main industrial and industrial energy and maintain world financial supremacy within the 19th century (Parsons, 2019). It is feasible to suppose that the colony primarily helped Britain obtain this objective as a result of the empire is alleged to empty out “over $45 trillion from India” (Sharma, 2018, para. 1). It implies that Britain considerably enriched its assets on the Asian colony’s account.

It is affordable to make clear why the European nation adopted the technique above. According to Buck-Morrs (2009), that point witnessed as Europe actively handled slavery. Merchants and different rich folks considerably benefited from a budget labor drive. This truth denoted that this apply had a robust place in that society. That state of affairs resulted within the case that racist beliefs grew to become widespread (Buck-Morrs, 2009). Consequently, the British rulers and odd folks felt their superiority over slaves and colonies, which allowed them to make use of the Indian assets as they wished. Thus, the British financial progress towards the background of India’s stagnation and its client’s angle towards the colony justify the declare for reparations.

At this level, one ought to clarify what reparations are and when they are often claimed. Pasricha (2019) states that three situations must be current to make them potential. The first requirement is that reparations must be made when a rustic subjected one other nation to injustice and benefited from this example (Pasricha, 2019). The second situation implies that the injured nations ought to have misplaced particular items or objects on account of this injustice (Pasricha, 2019). An actual skill of the aggressor nation to switch these objects to their nation of origin is the third requirement to assert reparations (Pasricha, 2019). Since the present paper focuses on Britain and India, it’s essential to think about whether or not the three situations are current on this case, and the next paragraphs will touch upon it.

One ought to give attention to the particular penalties of British rule for India. Numerous consultants declare that British coverage was devastating for this Asian nation. For instance, Hickel (2018) admits that hundreds of thousands of Indians died due to the European colonizers’ insurance policies, together with tax assortment, subjecting farmers to onerous labor, exploitation of native pure assets, and others. All these actions contributed to the truth that the native folks lived in dangerous situations, which adversely affected their well being and well-being. Sharma (2018) confirms this declare by stating that poverty and famine had been typical attribute options of the Indian colony. This state of affairs grew to become potential as a result of Britain relied on dictatorship rules to rule the given Asian nation. As a consequence, the rule of regulation, property rights, and different democratic values weren’t obtainable for Indians (Hickel, 2018). These examples display that Britain subjected India to important injustice and struggling, whereas the European nation witnessed financial growth throughout this era, which has already been mentioned.

Since the primary situation has been met above, it’s affordable to think about whether or not the others might be glad. When it involves particular items or objects, Sharma (2018) cites Utsa Patnaik, a famend economist, and explains that Britain took away greater than $45 million from its Indian colony. In addition to that, the empire appropriated Indian gold, foreign exchange earnings, and meals grains. Even although these don’t depend for particular objects that may be returned, it’s potential to transform them into foreign money. Thus, one can say that the second requirement can also be glad. As for the third situation, it will also be met. It is so as a result of the United Kingdom has a comparatively sturdy financial system. It is feasible to find out a sure reparation sum and divide it into smaller elements if the entire quantity is excessive.

The data above demonstrates that Great Britain owes reparation to India since all of the three situations are glad. However, this query continues to be a controversial situation, that means that opposing factors of view exist. That is why it’s affordable to determine a number one counterargument towards this analysis paper’s subject and attempt to refute this thought. Thus, the next part will current the refutation of such a counterargument.

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Refuting a Counterargument

One can cope with a number of arguments that attempt to show that Britain doesn’t owe any reparations. For instance, it’s potential to state that British rule introduced some advantages for India, and the introduction of the English language was one among them. This truth is alleged to have promoted the unfold of democracy within the Asian nation and made it a distinguished participant within the trendy world’s financial system. However, a number one argument towards the reparations is that there have been many aggressor states apart from Britain. According to Hickel (2018), the Mongols, the Roman Empire, and others additionally subjected their subordinates to cruelties and injustice, supposing that reparations must be demanded from all historic empires, which is absurd. This viewpoint denotes that it isn’t truthful and affordable to think about the case with Britain and India in isolation from different related examples.

Even although the declare above appears to have logical reasoning, it’s potential to refute it. The most important distinction between Britain and all the opposite states from the counterargument is that no empire used the cruelties and injustice to determine a strong financial system that exists in the present day (Hickel, 2018). Neither the Mongols nor the Roman Empire managed to applicable their subordinates’ assets to counterpoint and strengthen their very own economies which are at the moment in place. However, credible proof demonstrates that Britain considerably benefited from the exploitation of India. This data signifies that it isn’t affordable to depend on different empires’ examples to justify that Britain doesn’t owe reparations to its former colony.


The essay has thought-about a big situation of whether or not Britain owes reparations to India. This paper has relied on credible proof from each class readings and out of doors sources to assist the concepts. Furthermore, logical reasoning has performed an important function in justifying the argument. This scientific method to the case ends in the truth that the essay affords a useful conclusion on the subject underneath investigation.

The paper has recognized {that a} nation owes reparations to a different nation if three situations are current. They check with subjecting a colony to struggling and injustice, the lack of particular items or objects, and the aggressor state’s skill to return this stuff. As for the instance with Britain and India, this case meets the three situations. That is why it’s potential to assert that the European nation owes reparations to its Asian colony. Even although some consultants attempt to justify that the reparations shouldn’t be paid, the essay has recognized a number one counterargument and refuted it. Consequently, the United States and Europe ought to solely pay reparations to these they oppressed if the three necessities above are current.


Buck-Morrs, S. (2009). Haiti and the creation of Europe. In Hegel, Haiti, and common historical past (pp. 87-107). University of Pittsburgh Press.

Davis, M. (2001). India: The modernization of poverty. In Late Victorian holocausts: El Niño famines and the making of the Third World (pp. 311-340). Verso.

Hickel, J. (2018). The case for reparations. Jason Hickel. Web.

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Parsons, T. H. (2019). The British imperial century, 1815-1914: A world historical past perspective. Rowman & Littlefield.

Pasricha, P. (2019). Identifying colonial harms and reparations: A examine of Britain and India. Studies in Philosophy, Politics, and Economics, 1(1), 24-28.

Sharma, M. (Ed.). (2018). How a lot cash did Britain take away from India? About $45 trillion in 173 years, says high economist. Business Today. Web.

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