Case Study – Apple iPhone

Apple was launched in 1976 and was included in 1977. It was initially named Apple Computers Inc. which was later modified to Apple Inc. The firm bought success within the discipline of computer systems however its defining second got here with the launch of iPod, its moveable digital music participant. It went on to turn out to be a extremely profitable product. It was positioned as an inspirational music participant out there with many extra corporations following its result in launch comparable music gamers out there.

In 2007 the corporate introduced its foray into the market of cell phones with the introduction of its first cell phone which was appropriately named “The iPhone”. With this Apple remodeled its picture from a pc producer to a full-fledged producer of shopper digital items.

Prior to the launch of the iPhone the Age on convergence of digital items had set in. Apple was fast to understand this radical change and therefore shortly introduced the launch of iPhone. The iPod launched by Apple was turning into more and more susceptible to competitors from cell phones because it didn’t possess the power to play and share its media both with comparable units or something exterior. Mobile telephones had been filling this hole as they had been branded as the last word communication instruments. This introduced in regards to the launch of Apple’s new cell phone, the iPhone.

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The basis of the event of the iPhone was laid down by the CEO of Apple, Steve Jobs in 2003 at an government convention the place he declared that the way forward for communication and data trade lay within the palms of cell phones. He additionally believed that though the marketplace for cell phones was a aggressive one with gamers like Nokia, Samsung, Motorola already on the high of the charts, it was additionally a profitable one if dealt with with correct planning and sufficient technique.

For the launch of its cell phone Apple needed to depend on its expertise of creating the iPod and the iTunes software program to develop a brand new technology cell phone. It knew that in an effort to compete with giants like Nokia and Motorola it needed to provide you with an revolutionary product that possessed numerous new options.   It got here up with a expertise that had by no means been used earlier than. It developed a future technology contact display screen cell which was approach forward of its instances. It developed a multi contact display screen for simple person interface within the iPhone. Its different improvements included the Safari browser from Apple which offered simple web entry on the iPhone. With such an revolutionary expertise and numerous new options Apple launched its first iPhone within the U.S. markets in June 2007.

Question 1

  • What, in response to you, was the rationale for such an enormous quantity of buzz being generated across the launch of iPhone? Discuss the benefits and downsides of the methods adopted by Apple in launching iPhone

The iPhone generated an enormous quantity of buzz within the nationwide in addition to the worldwide markets. The announcement concerning the iPhone was made in January 2007 virtually six months earlier than its precise launch out there in June 2007. The time hole of practically six months between the announcement of the launch and the discharge date coupled with the standard enigma surrounding Apple’s new merchandise created extensive hypothesis among the many folks. The Internet offered the required platform for it as plenty of dialogue was accomplished on the iPhone in blogs, chat rooms and so forth. The restricted quantity of data launched by the corporate additional fuelled the speculations.

The Launch date of iPhone was  referred to as “iDay”, the a lot awaited day within the historical past of shopper durables when folks fashioned queues exterior the  Apple shops to purchase one. Apple bought round 500,000 to 1,000,000 models within the first two days which didn’t occurred by itself. Behind the success story of the ‘Jesus Phone’ is branding, promotion and profitable launch of an revolutionary product.

There are many causes which can be attributed to such an enormous quantity of buzz being generated across the launch of iPhone.

Apple didn’t go along with a really costly and intensive promotional marketing campaign for iPhone as anticipated. Instead they opted for a low key promotion. It began with a teaser advert marketing campaign which didn’t point out the model title. It confirmed numerous actors answering a name with iPhone of John Appleseed ending with the message ‘coming in June’. Lack of data aroused curiosity among the many viewers. Apart from sustaining a low key advertising technique in addition they ensured that product itself was by no means out if focus. Advertising itself was not let to return in approach of the product.

Also Apple was good sufficient to unfold its promotional actions alongside a time p of 6 months. This hole of six months between the announcement of the launch and the discharge date of iPhone coupled with the thriller as a consequence of lack of awareness created a large hypothesis among the many folks. It generated extra publicity for iPhone earlier than its launch than another product. During this era of 6 months roughly 11,000 articles had been written. This additionally helped in spreading phrase of mouth publicity which is extra trusted slightly than a really excessive decibel promotional marketing campaign.

Apple has a really loyal set of enthusiastic prospects that advocate the model. The success of iMac and iPod had created a powerful base of name loyal prospects. These Apple followers additionally helped in creating an enormous hype concerning the iPhone. The urge to look cool compelled the followers to extend the joy earlier than the discharge.

One of the most important platforms which contributed to the exceptional buzz was web the place plenty of discussions and speculations occurred in blogs and chat rooms and so forth. It is estimated that seek for iPhone resulted in 69 million hits on Google search engine. This helped in constantly preserving alive the speculations.

Along with the promotional technique, Apple additionally adopted a novel technique to market its new product iPhone. Apple centered on markets resembling US, UK, and Japan the place the corporate already had a powerful base. Such a strong Customer loyalty signifies that Apple not solely recruits new prospects, it retains them. This additionally meant that they needn’t spend an excessive amount of in attracting new prospects. But it additionally meant lacking huge numbers in unexploited gross sales in areas the place there’s a large market to faucet in Europe.

Apple made a mistake regarding advertising methods in Europe, to be exact solely in 3 international locations: UK, Germany and France. In every of those nation with the corporate adopted the identical enterprise mannequin used within the US. Since every geographic location varies within the type of prospects and their thought course of, shopping for behaviour and wishes, therefore an organization wants to switch its advertising technique in response to the native customs and wishes slightly than following the identical technique to all of the markets.

The firm determined that the iPhone could be bought via 2,000 shops and along with it via choose retailers resembling Best Buy Co. the place Apple workers had been to be current on the level of sale to make sure the identical normal of service to prospects as Apple retail outlet. Going for a choose distribution channel ensured that that they had a very good management over all the technique of their product launch. Apple has bought a really robust branding. This approach they might relaxation assured of their firm’s picture and high quality promise is not going to be let down.

Along with the profit this additionally had an obstacle. Going for a choose variety of distribution channel meant a big a part of the channel left untapped. Thus market penetration capability of Apple bought restricted. The attain of iPhone to prospects was restricted to those retailers solely.

Apple spent round an estimated quantity of US$100,000,000 on the launch of iPhone however went for a teaser commercial marketing campaign slightly than a really excessive decibel promotion with out even the point out of name title. They relied extra on phrase of mouth publicity which is taken into account extra belief worthy type of data channel than different sources by prospects. Hence they succeeded in gaining prospects real curiosity. On the opposite hand it meant that the spreading of the details about the product was sluggish.  Extensive advertising would guarantee a larger protection of the market and a larger variety of folks being conscious of it. This slows down the circulate of data and therefore misses out on extra potential prospects.

Apple took a time hole of six months between the launch and launch of the product. This helped in creating a large hypothesis and curiosity. Internet gave the most important platform to gasoline the hypothesis and elevated quantity of consideration. These methods coupled with the truth that the corporate launched a restricted quantity of data drove folks loopy and created the most important ever hype for any product.

But round this hype floated an enormous query that whether or not the product will be capable of reside as much as the expectations of the purchasers. Too a lot hype enhance expectations and prospects could be upset if the product doesn’t reside as much as the expectation because the saying goes “Nothing Killed a bad product worse than a good advertising.” Also the hype throughout the launch could not essentially remodel into good gross sales on the later stage.

To launch iPhone into the market, Apple entered right into a two yr contract with AT&T Wireless Services Inc. Whereby the iPhones might solely be used solely with the AT&T community. It additionally introduced some service plans for many who opted for the iPhone. So the purchasers might get pleasure from virtually the options with none hassles’.

Entering into the partnership restricted the market and its attain. Almost 67% of individuals fascinated about shopping for iPhone, in response to a report, had been subscribers to different cell community service suppliers. This technique slowed down the gross sales of iPhones. Also the Phone was priced very excessive which made it restricted to larger section. High value coupled with the 2 yr contract with AT&T made it one of the vital costly cell phones when it comes to preliminary expense and upkeep thus robotically excluding the decrease and center section prospects.

Question 2

  • Prepare a observe on what needs to be Apples technique for iPhone in Europe and Asia (besides Japan), contemplating that Europe is a comparatively mature marketplace for cell phones and Asia is basically an rising market.

After its launch in USA Apple derived a technique for its launch in Europe and Asia contemplating the truth that Europe was a comparatively mature market the place as Asia was an rising market.

Europe has an estimated 620 million cell phone customers which is thrice that of US with 213 million customers. Mobile communications noticed development within the expertise largely lead by European corporations which led to the standardization of the cell applied sciences. Hence the cell market in Europe is a mature market.

To market and promote a product in a mature market, producers should compete in three areas. One is enchancment in merchandise resembling the standard and options. Apple fared fairly properly on this space. Apple had come out with the long run technology of contact display screen utilized in iPhone. iPhone used Safari browser from Apple which offered full web entry on the iPhone. iPhone used Mac OS X as its working system which is bigger than working methods utilized in different telephones. iPhone boasted of a excessive reminiscence capability and automatic options. It had a modern and classy design which helped it differentiate its product from the varied different merchandise out there within the European market. Hence it had the ability to enchantment to the purchasers with its extremely differentiated options. It is estimated that Apple had filed greater than 200 patents regarding the applied sciences developed for iPhone.

Apple was very fast to understand the potential of convergence of digital units and the impact it might have on the gross sales of music gamers. Stunning design and highly effective branding helped it to seize folks’s consideration.

The second is an enchancment within the total market. The options of iPhone made it equally appropriate to a rebelling teenager as properly extremely refined enterprise personnel. They tried to interrupt the notion of the shoppers that high-end cell units, which converged companies of different units, had been solely meant for enterprise use. Hence concurrently it might cater to the purchasers who appreciated music and movies together with the enterprise class which is extra in want of communication and information switch system.

A 3rd method is an enchancment in gross sales and advertising, together with introducing innovation or rising effectivity in promotion. Apple communication is sober, intriguing, easy, clear, minimalist and intelligent. They went for a teaser commercial marketing campaign slightly than a noise promotion. They didn’t let the promoting are available the best way of the product. The product itself was revolutionary sufficient to create pleasure. They prolonged the model picture of iMac and iPod to iPhone. The firm was getting into into a brand new market which was already dominated by skilled gamers. Hence a differentiated product helped them to realize folks’s consideration. There was a pattern in favour of converged-function handsets within the cell phone market thus turning into the last word system of aspiration for shoppers everywhere in the world.

Apple tried to encash this chance which helped it overcome the entry barrier prevalent in a saturated market. They didn’t enter into the PDA section as marketplace for it was not large enough. The firm used its expertise of creating iPods and iTunes to develop a brand new technology cell phone thus utilizing prior know-how to its most benefit. They relied on phrase of mouth publicity for its product. They additionally launched their telephone with partnership with AT&T as the only real service supplier for iPhone. This technique was adopted to make sure that iPhone house owners had been in a position to make use of all the important thing options of the telephone by subscribing to particular presents just for them.

Apple adopted a distinct advertising technique for Asian subcontinent. Asia is an rising market the place a big a part of the market continues to be untapped. Here the competitors can also be much less as in comparison with a mature market. Since the market can simply accommodate new gamers these causes account for lesser entry barrier into the market.

 The psyche and shopping for behaviour of consumers in an rising market is completely totally different than that of a buyer in a mature market. In an rising market the client is just not snug in shopping for a product about which they don’t have already got data or market report. The buyer is just not keen to spend an enormous quantity on a product about which it doesn’t have correct information. The telephone was launched into the Asian market virtually subsequent yr in 2008. By this time the corporate was anticipated to cross the hurdles within the mature market which is extra aggressive than an rising market. A great market report in different markets resulted in an elevated demand for iPhone within the rising market because it supported the credibility of the product.

By the time the iPhone was launched in Asia, the corporate had launched extra commercials which answered the purchasers’ queries concerning the options and of the product. By the time iPhone reached the Asian promote it already had written a hit story and had turn out to be an icon within the telephone section. There was an enormous time hole between its launch within the mature markets like US, UK and Japan the place it already had a powerful model loyal buyer base and the Asian market the place it was but to create a buyer base. Hence the telephone which was being bought at a premium value of $499 & $599 within the mature market was bought at a lot cheaper price. The buyer right here didn’t have to fret a few very excessive value.

After the launch of iPhone the analysts believed that the revolutionary options of the iPhone had been the principle causes for the big hype generated by the product out there. The success of iPhone was associated to the success of the iPod as a buyer bought the possibility to make use of each the iPhone in addition to the iPod in a single system. This was the most important benefit that the iPhone possessed. Along with its benefits it additionally had sure drawbacks.

The iPhone didn’t possess the 3G and GPS expertise that among the different good fashionable cell phones possesses. Moreover the battery of the iPhone was not replaceable by the client and needed to be ship to the Apple Service Centre in USA. Although it wasn’t a lot of an issue for its customers within the U.S. it was a explanation for concern for its different customers worldwide. Again the non-availability of a detachable reminiscence card was an enormous hindrance for the progress of the iPhone as most cell phones had been now availing this characteristic.  It additionally didn’t have a bodily keyboard for its customers and had a low decision digicam when in comparison with different newest cell phones. Lastly as Apple was tying up with numerous particular operators its non- availability for the opposite operators was inflicting a number of issues for the expansion of the iPhone.

Henceforth though there was a extreme buzz concerning the launch of the iPhone it has not captured the market to an awesome extent. Though it possesses a number of distinctive options and revolutionary expertise, it nonetheless has an extended option to go when it comes to buyer satisfaction.


  1. Philip Kotler, Marketing Management, Eleventh Edition, Pearson Education Publishers, Delhi, 2003
  2. Marketing Management, Icfai Center for Management Research, Reference No – 508-014-1
  4. “Lessons from Apple,”, June7, 2007
  7. Glen D, “Analyst Reveals iPhone Marketing Game Plan,”, May19, 2007
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