Common Mental Health Problems

Table of Contents
  1. Introduction
  2. Synopsis of Scenario
  3. Response to Emergency Psychiatry
  4. Constructive Reflection on Management and Outcomes
  5. Conclusion
  6. References

Introduction

Mental well being varieties a big side of human well being as a result of it determines the final well being of an individual. Mental diseases are widespread issues that have an effect on how people behave, suppose, or really feel. Usually, individuals with psychological diseases exhibit distinctive behaviours, nurture unusual ideas, and have irritable feelings.

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Depression, obsessive-compulsive dysfunction, social phobia, panic dysfunction, post-traumatic stress dysfunction, and nervousness are some psychological diseases that have an effect on roughly 15% of the inhabitants within the United States (National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence, 2012).

The severity of those psychological diseases varies from one particular person to a different and the diseases trigger appreciable long-term disabilities amongst sufferers. Since the severity of psychological diseases varies from one affected person to a different, some psychological diseases require emergency consideration. Some of the psychological diseases that require emergency psychiatry providers embody psychosis, melancholy, substance abuse, and tried suicide amongst different psychological diseases.

The emergency psychiatry providers are essential as a result of they assist in the analysis, therapy, and administration of psychological diseases in time to avert additional issues. In this view, this essay examines the case situation of a affected person with a melancholy who obtained emergency psychiatry providers with the target of discussing private response and offering constructive reflection on administration and outcomes.

Synopsis of Scenario

Dan is a prisoner who skilled psychological issues and the jail officers introduced him to the psychiatric emergency unit. He is a middle-aged man of 32 years. The prison justice system discovered Dan responsible of assault and resisting arrest.

In the jail, Dan suffered from a psychological situation as a result of he had difficulties sleeping, hated the lodging supplied, felt offended about his jail situation, and was irritable. Although Dan had not undergone any type of surgical procedure within the final two years, he skilled psychological issues on the age of 10 years, which prompted him to hunt medical intervention from a psychiatrist.

During the arrest, Dan sustained a minor harm on the shoulder, which is difficult his psychological drawback. According to the situation introduced by the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (2012), “a brief history shows that he has symptoms which fulfil the criteria for both anxiety disorder and depression” (p. 38). The situation signifies that Dan had psychological issues that require emergency psychiatry to allow him get well effectively.

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During admission on the emergency psychiatry, Dan arrived whereas presenting plenty of signs that confirmed that he was affected by psychological sickness. In the bodily examination, Dan was dressed well in informal garments and had shaved his hair clear, which confirmed that he had the flexibility to groom effectively. Since Dan had sustained a minor harm on his shoulder, he complained concerning the ache.

In addition, the jail officers claimed that Dan was affected by the ache in his shoulder due to the harm he sustained through the arrest. Oktay, Eken, Ozbek, Ankun, Eray, and Avci (2008), state that melancholy and nervousness enhance notion of ache amongst sufferers.

However, Dan seemed depressing, sad, and annoyed as a result of he didn’t wish to speak to the psychiatrists on the emergency unit. When requested what was fallacious with him, Dan was reluctant to reply as a result of he was confused and depressed. Hence, psychiatrists needed to make applicable analysis of his psychological situation earlier than offering the remedy.

The psychiatrists famous that Dan was affected by a bodily situation that difficult his psychological sickness. According to Dan, he was affected by the shoulder ache, however psychiatrists had been in a position to notice the indicators of melancholy and nervousness.

The psychiatrists questioned Dan about his present life and previous life to determine the extent of the melancholy and nervousness. In present life, psychiatrists inquired about his marriage standing, occupation, and residing normal in order that they may get insights concerning the current points which are inflicting melancholy in him.

In the previous life, psychiatrists did inquire about his social life throughout childhood and household life in order that they may discover out if present melancholy and nervousness has historic origin. Basing on the present life and previous life, Dan confessed that he has been nurturing suicidal ideas and has tried to commit suicide on many events. To overcome suicidal ideas, Dan used alcohol and medicines as a result of they scale back depressive moods and reduce sleep issues.

The situation of the Dan is suitable for the emergency psychiatry as a result of nervousness and melancholy are severe psychological issues that threaten the lives of sufferers. Depression and nervousness predispose sufferers to alcoholism, drug abuse, and ultimately make them commit suicide.

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Barry, Milner, Blow, Impens, Welsh, and Amash (2006) state that evaluation of alcoholism and drug abuse is essential amongst sufferers who’re receiving emergency psychiatric providers.

At the emergency psychiatric unit, psychiatrists make use of plenty of diagnostic strategies in diagnosing the most important causes of psychological diseases in order that they will present particular interventions. Thus, the situation of Dan is a vital case research as a result of it describes how psychiatrists deal with circumstances of tension and melancholy amidst different issues that masks their analysis.

Response to Emergency Psychiatry

As a private response to the emergency, when Dan arrived on the psychiatric emergency unit, I couldn’t comprehend the character of psychological sickness that he was affected by as a result of he appeared bodily good in his informal put on.

When he complained concerning the shoulder ache, I assumed that Dan may need sustained a spinal harm that affected his psychological well being. Dan seemed unhappy, depressing, sad, and annoyed when he arrived on the psychiatric emergency unit escorted by the jail officers.

When I noticed him, I empathized as a result of I couldn’t perceive the psychological situation that he was battling with as a result of he was reluctant to talk. Hojat, Gonnella, Nasca, Mangione, Vergare, & Magee (2002) argue that, “the cognitive domain of empathy involves the ability to understand another person’s inner experiences and feelings and a capability to view the outside world from the other person’s perspective” (p. 1564). Hence, once I was empathizing with Dan, I used to be making an attempt to diagnose his situation primarily based on feelings that he introduced to me.

Additionally, I noticed how Dan had groomed as a result of it did present a clue concerning the nature of life he was residing. From the best way he groomed, Dan was a presentable particular person as a result of he confirmed no signal of psychological sickness besides that he complained about ache within the shoulder. Since the ache within the shoulder made him seem unhappy, sad, and annoyed, I inquired from the jail officers what was fallacious with Dan.

The officers confirmed that Dan sustained a shoulder harm as a result of he tried to withstand arrest. Furthermore, the jail officers stated that Dan has been abusing medicine and consuming alcohol, and at occasions making an attempt to commit suicide. Stanley, Brown, and Hughes (2009) argue that individuals who expertise suicidal emotions require emergency psychiatric providers to save lots of them from committing suicide.

Thus, suicide makes an attempt made me imagine that Dan required rapid psychotherapy to allow him to deal with suicidal emotions and perspective. At this level, I pitied Dan since I began to comprehend that he had so many psychological points that prompted him to commit suicide.

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Professionally, when Dan arrived on the psychiatric emergency unit, psychiatrists attended to him instantly. As a psychiatrist, I understood that Dan was affected by a posh psychological dysfunction with comorbid components chargeable for his psychological dysfunction.

At first look, Dan seemed unhappy, sad, and annoyed due to the circumstances of the life, which clouded his thoughts. Since the jail officers introduced Dan to the psychiatric emergency unit, it confirmed that he was a prisoner who lived underneath jail circumstances of life.

Moreover, when jail officers and Dan claimed that Dan was affected by shoulder ache, which was affecting his psychological well being, I famous that the ache may need been only a comorbid issue that rejected or masked psychological dysfunction that Dan was struggling to beat.

Bair, Robinson, Katon, and Kroenke (2003) argue that, “the presence of pain negatively affects the recognition and treatment of depression” amongst sufferers who’ve comorbid components, as they complicate analysis of psychological issues (p. 2434). Hence, with the understanding that ache is a comorbid issue that complicates analysis of psychological issues, I examined different psychological attributes.

When I interacted with Dan, I famous that he was sceptical and shy, and thus was unwilling to share about his psychological situation. Mistrust made Dan to reside in denial as a result of he didn’t wish to admit that he was affected by a psychological dysfunction. Hence, to beat the problem of distrust, I attempted to create rapport with Dan in order that he may open up and share his psychological points.

Snowden (2003) advises psychiatrists to beat distrust, which is a barrier that stops sufferers from sharing their experiences, for them to supply efficient psychotherapy. After profitable the belief of Dan, I inquired additional about his present and previous life.

The inquiry revealed that Dan was affected by nervousness and melancholy because of the type of life he was residing. Dan ultimately confessed he has been consuming alcohol to alleviate stress and overcome suicidal emotions, which has been haunting him consistently. From this angle, it grew to become evident that Dan suffered from nervousness and melancholy, which compelled him to commit suicide.

Constructive Reflection on Management and Outcomes

The well being care system within the United Stated treats melancholy and nervousness as psychological issues that require emergency consideration when sufferers search medical consideration. According to Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (2004), “major depressive disorder is the leading cause of disability among adults, and suicide ranks as the second leading cause of death” amongst adolescents within the United States who’ve the ages between 10 to 17 (p. 1).

In this view, melancholy is an emergency psychiatric situation, which requires applicable analysis and therapy. Given that melancholy and nervousness are latent psychological issues, the psychiatric emergency unit ought to have applicable instruments which are essential to make an correct analysis and efficient therapy.

Marchesi, Brusamonti, Borghi, Giannini, Minneo, Quarantelli, and Maggini (2004) advocate psychiatrists to look at social components in addition to different comorbid components when diagnosing the reason for melancholy amongst sufferers. Comorbid components often masks the presence of tension and melancholy, thus complicating their analysis and therapy in a psychiatric emergency unit.

The American Psychiatric Association prepares and updates tips which are relevant in analysis, therapy, and administration of psychological issues. Since melancholy and nervousness are widespread psychological issues, the American Psychiatric Association has formulated tips for his or her analysis, therapy, and administration.

In this view, the psychological well being tips require psychiatrists to carry out complete analysis and therapy of melancholy and nervousness.

Gelenberg, Freeman, Markowitz, and Rosenbaurn (2010) state that, “patients should receive a thorough diagnostic assessment in order to establish the diagnosis of major depressive disorder, identify other psychiatric or general medical conditions that may require attention, and develop a comprehensive plan for treatment” (p. 15). These tips are relevant in a case like that of Dan as a result of he was affected by nervousness and melancholy.

My colleagues and I responded effectively to the case of Dan as a result of we adopted the rules of the psychiatric emergency unit, which stipulate analysis, therapy, and administration of psychological issues. The first process was to evaluate the psychological dysfunction of Dan by analyzing indicators and signs.

From the bodily look, Dan seemed sad, depressing, unhappy, and annoyed. Such indicators and signs confirmed that Dan was affected by a psychological dysfunction. The second process was to distinguish psychological dysfunction and different comorbid components resembling ought to ache. Rhodes, Kushner, Bisqaier, and Prenoveau (2007) argue that melancholy and nervousness are latent psychological issues that require crucial examination for his or her analysis.

Thus, evaluation of the social lifetime of Dan was essential to determine present and previous points that may have contributed to melancholy and nervousness. On additional inquiry, Dan confessed that medicine and alcohol have helped him overcome melancholy and suicidal emotions.

Therefore, basing on the evaluation, we gave Dan cognitive and behavioural remedy, which geared toward decreasing melancholy, nervousness, alcohol consumption, and drug abuse. We additionally ensured that Dan obtained sufficient social assist for him to suppress suicidal emotions.

The emergency intervention that Dan obtained on the psychiatric emergency unit targeted on restoration as a result of it focused pertinent elements of remedy for nervousness and melancholy. Firstly, the analysis was recovery-focused process as a result of it geared toward figuring out the causes of the melancholy and nervousness. Identification of the causes of tension and melancholy aids in growth of applicable therapy plans (Nelson, Pikalov, Berman, 2008).

Secondly, the separation of the comorbid components from the psychological dysfunction was a recovery-focused follow as a result of it enhanced accuracy of analysis. Since nervousness and melancholy are onerous to diagnose utilizing scientific options, evaluation of the psychological issues basing on the present and previous social lifetime of a affected person targeted at enhancing identification of traumatic occasions and growth of a therapy plan.

Since Dan was a prisoner, psychiatrists may have improved the end result of the remedy by contemplating social assist that he must obtain from the jail surroundings. Snowden (2003) argues that psychiatrists have to determine traumatic occasions that trigger nervousness and melancholy amongst sufferers.

Identification of traumatic occasions permits psychiatrists to supply important social assist and alleviate their traumatic affect on melancholy and nervousness. In this view, psychiatrists ought to have improved the end result of the remedy by guaranteeing that the prison justice system offers circumstances that alleviate melancholy and nervousness amongst prisoners who’re vulnerable to growing post-traumatic stress syndrome.

Conclusion

Mental well being performs a central position in figuring out the final well being of a person. Common psychological issues resembling melancholy, nervousness, psychosis, obsessive-compulsive dysfunction, social phobia, panic dysfunction, and post-traumatic stress dysfunction trigger incapacity amongst people. The case situation of Dan depicts a affected person with nervousness and melancholy.

Anxiety and melancholy are widespread psychological issues that require emergency psychiatric providers. At the emergency psychiatric unit, psychiatrists ought to achieve the belief of sufferers in order that they will carry out complete analysis that encompasses bodily, social, and psychological elements of an individual. Moreover, utility of applicable psychotherapy is important for efficient therapy of psychological issues.

References

Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (2004). Programs and Tools to Improve the Quality of Mental Health Services. Web.

Bair, M., Robinson, R., Katon, W., & Kroenke, Okay. (2003). Depression and ache Comorbidity: Literature Review. Achieves of Internal Medicine, 163(20), 2433-2445.

Barry, Okay., Milner, Okay., Blow, F., Impens, A., Welsh, D., & Amash, J. (2006). Screening for Psychiatric Emergency Department Patients with Major Mental Illnesses for At-Risk Drinking. Psychiatric Services, 57(7), 1039-1042.

Hojat, M., Gonnella, J., Nasca, T., Mangione, S., Vergare, M., & Magee, M. (2002).

Physician Empathy: Definition, Components, Measurement, and Relationship to Gender and Specialty. American Journal of Psychiatry, 159(9), 1563-1569.

Gelenberg, A., Freeman, M., Markowitz, J., & Rosenbaurn, J. (2010). Practice Guideline for the Treatment of Patients with Major Depressive Disorder. New York: American Psychiatric Association.

Marchesi, C., Brusamonti, E., Borghi, C., Giannini, A., Minneo, F., Quarantelli, & Maggini, C. (2004). Anxiety and Depressive Disorders in an Emergency Department Ward of the General Hospital: A Control Study. Emergency Medicine Journal, 21(2), 175-179.

National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (2012). Common Mental Health Problems: Clinical Case Scenarios for major Care.

Nelson, J., Pikalov, A., Berman, R. (2008). Augmentation Treatment in Major Depressive Disorder: Focus on Arpiprazole. Neuropsychiatric Disease Treatment, 4(5), 937-948.

Oktay, C., Eken, C., Ozbek, Okay., Ankun, G., Eray, O., & Avci, A. (2008). Pain Perception of Patients Predisposed to Anxiety and Depressive Disorders in Emergency Department. Pain Management Nursing, 9(4), 150-153.

Rhodes, Okay., Kushner, H., Bisqaier, J., & Prenoveau, E. (2007). Characterizing Emergency Department Discussions about Depression. Academy Emergency Medicine, 14(10), 908-911.

Snowden, L. (2003). Bias in Mental Health Assessment and Intervention: Theory and Evidence. American Journal of Public Health, 93(2), 239-243.

Stanley, B., Brown, G., & Hughes, J. (2009). Cognitive Behaviour Therapy for Suicide Prevention (CBT-SP): Treatment Model, Feasibility, and Acceptability. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 48(10), 1005-1013.

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