Family Planning Individual Case Critique Case Study

One of the elemental missions of drugs, nursing, and different medical professions is to ease the struggling brought on by individuals’s bodily limitations of their lives and dying. However, trendy medication continues to be rightly accused of not addressing the wants of all of the individuals and selecting to restrict its consideration to the finiteness of human our bodies. Based on the described medical and social scenario of Ben, who has an incurable illness and is in a state of frustration, it’s evident that many individuals want palliative care. It contains complete take care of terminally ailing individuals, medical and psychological interventions, and offering such sufferers with social providers and social help measures.

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Besides that Ben is experiencing bodily issues, and his social place has additionally been affected by it. Moreover, Ben’s spouse, Meili, who can not inform the youngsters about her father’s sickness and has monetary difficulties, additionally wants assist. Thus, to assist Ben, it’s advisable to make use of a bio-psycho-social-spiritual remedy mannequin that takes sufferers to your complete doable understanding of their integrity as individuals fighting their finitude.

Bio-psycho-social religious mannequin is a holistic idea that acknowledges the interactions between the bodily, psychological, social, and religious features of affected person care and well-being. According to this mannequin, sickness disrupts relationships each inside and out of doors the human physique. Inside the physique, disturbances are twofold: on the one hand, it’s the relationship between completely different physique elements and biochemical processes; however, the relations between thoughts and physique. In flip, outdoors the physique, these problems are additionally twofold: first, the connection between sufferers and their surroundings, together with the ecological, bodily, household, social and political connections of the affected person’s relationships. Secondly, there’s a relationship between the affected person and the transcendent or one other world. Therefore, the bio-psycho-social-spiritual mannequin is often utilized in scientific settings, particularly within the care of sufferers dying of life-threatening ailments.

In Ben’s case, it’s advisable to attract up a bio-psycho-social-spiritual evaluation that may assist decide the present state of the affected person and his household. As for the bodily facet of the mannequin, the affected person has vital well being issues related to incurable ailments. The man was identified with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) with cirrhosis on the background of sort 2 diabetes mellitus and hypertension. In addition, Ben doesn’t have the perfect heredity since his father died of most cancers two months in the past. The scenario is difficult as a result of as a consequence of superior illness and cirrhosis, the accessible remedy choices are restricted.

In flip, the social facet of the mannequin includes consideration of points resembling worries concerning the household, lack of revenue and position within the household, and social isolation. In this case, each Ben and his spouse Meili have vital issues. First, it’s tough for spouses to inform their youngsters about their father’s deadly sickness. Second, household incomes undergo because of Ben’s sickness. It is as a result of Ben was pressured to resign from his job as an IT engineer as a consequence of worsening signs, and Meili has been on short-term private go away to supply complete take care of Ben. At the identical time, she could even lose her job within the occasion of her lengthy absence from the office.

Ben and Meili’s household additionally has psychological issues that considerably have an effect on the general scenario. According to Moosavia (2020), psychological facet of the bio-psycho-social-spiritual mannequin contains anxiousness concerning the future, concern of dying, the sorrow of loss, and despair.

The downside of household planning occupies a central position on this facet. Meili is anxious with discussing sensible points, resembling pre-care planning, probate, and monetary issues, whereas Ben is reluctant to debate future planning. However, Ben shouldn’t be afraid of dying and the sorrow of his coming demise and stays optimistic about youngsters. Special consideration within the bio-psycho-social-spiritual mannequin is occupied by the religious facet, which consists of the individuals’ reasoning concerning the worth of their life, life after dying, and self-exploration, why they discovered themselves in such a scenario. In my opinion, it’s on this facet that Ben and Meili have minor worries since their consideration is absolutely riveted to the remainder of the problems.

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From this evaluation, it may be concluded that Ben and Meili are in a state of frustration and wish palliative care. The main reason behind their issues is Ben’s incurable illness, the bodily part of the mannequin. This is adopted by the social facet associated to the lack of household revenue, which impacts each Ben and Meili, in addition to their unwillingness to inform their youngsters concerning the illness. The psychological facet additionally performs a big position within the household, as Ben and Meili have issue planning. The religious part of the mannequin is of minor significance since individuals don’t categorical concern concerning the afterlife. Based on this, some steerage could also be given to ease their emotions of helplessness and lack of management.

In this case, palliative take care of Ben and Meili must be supplied in all instructions: bodily, social, psychological, and religious. In phrases of bodily well being, the affected person will be supplied quite a lot of remedies to assist forestall and get rid of ache and different distasteful signs, enhance well-being and high quality of life, and endure with the uncomfortable side effects of most cancers remedies. These embrace chemotherapy, immunotherapy, radiation, hormonal and focused remedy, ache administration, and the uncomfortable side effects of chemotherapy.

It is unimaginable to alleviate the situation of a dying affected person with an incurable illness solely with the assistance of medicine. It is equally important to supply them with complete psychological, social, and religious help. Dying sufferers have to really feel protected; they need to be reassured, and informed that they’d not undergo in the meanwhile of dying. It is critical to ask, hear and attempt to perceive how the affected person feels. Ben’s entourage ought to assist him end his earthly affairs and promise to satisfy his final want if he didn’t have time to do one thing. The important take care of the affected person consists of fixed communication with him within the joint residing of the final interval of his earthly life. Ben’s spouse ought to set up essentially the most trusting relationship with him. He ought to know that he is not going to be left alone in the meanwhile of dying and that somebody will assist him by way of this era.

Quite a lot of accountability is required in speaking with the affected person about dying. To clear up psychological issues, the palliative care nurse ought to advise Ben to place issues so as, together with these regarding the desire. In flip, about Meili, specialists ought to discuss to her concerning the pure and inevitable dying and assist her to just accept this info. In the longer term, additionally it is very important to assist the lady deal with the tragic scenario, together with, if essential, utilizing psychological help after Ben’s dying.

Therefore, if a persona will be decomposed into some elements, there are 4 important spheres which are intently interconnected, work together and interpenetrate with one another. These embrace bodily, psychological, social, and religious elements. In flip, a change in considered one of them invariably entails modifications in all of the others since an individual is an integral being. That is why it’s important to supply complete help to sufferers with incurable ailments and their family members.


Moosavia, S., Rohanib, C., Borhanic, F. & Akbarid, M. (2020). Spiritual care experiences by most cancers sufferers, their household caregivers and healthcare staff members in oncology apply settings: A qualitative research. Explore, 2020. pp.1-8. Web.

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