Freud: Motivation Evaluation and Motivational Theories Term Paper

In the historical past of selections and the best way through which they go away an indelible mark by which an individual has judged the choice of betrayal made by Benedict Arnold has eternally marked him in infamy as a traitor to the American Revolution and the measure by which future traitors are in contrast with (Evisum, 2000). Under the psychoanalytic concept of motivation Freud postulates that a person’s actions or habits are a direct results of their inner organic instincts; when mixed with Freud’s theories on Id, Ego, Super Ego and the protection mechanism of the Ego one can assume that the actions of Benedict Arnold had been a results of outdoors circumstances reacting with inherent organic instincts leading to his determination to betray the revolution.

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While historical past has marked him a traitor to America Benedict Arnold was truly a revolutionary hero earlier than he turned a traitor. His actions on the Battle of Valcour Island, the Battle of Ridgefield, and the Battle of Saratoga contributed immensely in the direction of making certain the survival of the revolution. Unfortunately, regardless of his successes on the battlefield he was repeatedly handed over for promotion and was accused quite a few instances by political and navy opponents of corruption. Even although he had contributed huge sums to the battle effort the early Continental Congress accused him of owing them cash (Evisum, 2000). As a results of all these allegations despite his efforts to assist win the battle, Arnold turned disenchanted and turned traitor to the revolution. Under the psychoanalytic concept, it may be stated that Arnold’s response was a direct results of his personal superego being subverted by the actions of the skin world leading to elevated life like nervousness which the protection mechanism of Ego tried to manage towards utilizing the mechanism of rationalization to justify his betrayal of the revolution.

The humanist concept then again takes a special method to interpret the actions of Arnold. According to the humanist concept human habits is motivated to attain the so-called “maximum potential” of the self and as such individuals will at all times try to succeed in this most potential until they’re hindered by obstacles. The finest approach of explaining the actions Arnold could be to make use of Maslow’s pyramid of the hierarchy of wants. Maslow suggests that each one people have particular wants which they attempt to meet which are available a sure hierarchical order. It will be assumed that after the battle was over Arnold deliberate to return to his life as a service provider but with the accusations hurled towards him and his supposed debt to Congress this might not be possible. Here the obstacles to Arnold assembly his wants underneath Maslow’s pyramid are the money owed he has to congress and the accusations towards him. For him to proceed to attain his most potential he would wish to beat these obstacles and because of this, he selected to betray the revolution and be a part of the British which did end in him gaining sufficient cash to grow to be a service provider once more.

A human is a posh being and as such varied aspects of a person’s habits can’t be actually positioned into one class or the opposite. The concept of variety takes this into consideration and posits that the habits and motivations of human beings will be varied issues with targets, objects, and incentives differing from individual to individual. This specific view rejects the concept that human habits and expertise will be diminished to a small set of behaviors and wishes and as a substitute posits the concept that in the case of motives and targets every particular person is completely different with their very own reasoning behind their actions. It is that this specific viewpoint that this paper agrees with, the actions of Arnold might have been the results of any variety of causes or behavioral nuances that can not be actually categorized until a person was in a position to discuss to Arnold himself. Under Murray’s concept of wants, he means that the inherent persona of sure people is a direct reflection of their behaviors that are managed by their very own inherent wants. Some wants are short-term whereas others are deeply seated within the human psyche. Murray stipulates that such wants operate totally on a person’s unconscious with out them totally realizing it nonetheless such wants do play a task in how a person’s persona is formed and shaped. For Murray the sorts of wants are labeled underneath two classes; major wants that are organic in nature similar to the necessity for oxygen, meals, water, and so on and secondary wants that are extra psychological in nature similar to the necessity for achievement, independence and so on (Hefner Media Group, 2004).


Evisum. (2000). Benedict Arnold.

Hefner Media Group, Initials. (2004). Personality Synopsis. Allpsychonline. Web.

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