Mediterranean Diet Affects Risk of Stroke Essay

Background of Study

The main downside tackled within the mixed-methods research carried out by El-Hajj et al. (2021) is the phenomenon of correlation between adherence to the Mediterranean weight-reduction plan (MeD) and other people’s predisposition to stroke. The current analysis presents an distinctive worth to nursing, because it gives recipients with related knowledge on the direct interrelation between one’s adherence to MeD and probabilities of stroke. Moreover, each quantitative and qualitative knowledge collected for the research had been interpreted in a complete method with the intention to be accessible to the overall viewers. The objective of this research is to cut back the stroke prevalence among the many Lebanese inhabitants within the long-term perspective. The goal of the research is “to assess adherence to the Mediterranean diet (MeD) and the risk of stroke in the Lebanese population” (El-Hajj et al., 2021, p. 1). The analysis query could also be put as follows: “How does adherence to MeD affect the risk of stroke among the Lebanese population?”

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The second research carried out by Wekesah et al. (2019) addresses the problem of notion of stroke threat components among the many Nairobi inhabitants. This qualitative research presents worth to nursing due to its intention to bridge the communication hole between nurses and the overall inhabitants and outline the wants of the general public well being inhabitants. The objective of the research is to extend the overall inhabitants’s consciousness of the stroke threat components and promote a wholesome way of life and vitamin. The goal of the research is to “explore the understanding of and perception towards cardiovascular disease (CVD) and risk factors, and how they influence prevention and development of the conditions, care-seeking and adhering to treatment” (Wekesah et al., 2019, p. 1). The analysis query is as follows: “How does awareness of risk factors among the Nairobi population affect the prevention and development of cardiovascular diseases?”

How do these two articles help the nurse observe problem you selected?

The research carried out by El-Hajj et al. (2021) will likely be used by way of the PICOT query outlined with the intention to justify the relevance of the intervention, because the research demonstrates that there’s a vital distinction between stroke and non-stroke sufferers by way of adherence to MeD (p. 4). Moreover, each qualitative and quantitative questionnaires introduced within the analysis could function a blueprint for the potential research. As far because the research by Wekesah et al. (2019) is anxious, the analysis will likely be used as a blueprint for gathering phenomenological knowledge. Moreover, the findings of the research will likely be used to justify the necessity for vitamin schooling among the many sufferers.

In the research carried out by El-Hajj et al. (2021), the pattern comprised two main teams: stroke-case sufferers (205 members) and stroke-free sufferers (445 members) (p. 1). Hence, it could be outlined that the research teams are created on the idea of binary opposition, presenting a similarity between the intervention and comparability teams outlined within the PICOT query. However, in El-Hajj et al.’s (2021) analysis, there was no intervention as such, because the members had been interviewed about their socio-economic background and dietary habits. The research pattern within the analysis by Wekesah et al. (2019) had no management group, and the inhabitants was divided into a number of related focus teams of 6-8 individuals every, presenting no resemblance to the intervention outlined within the PICOT query.

Method of Study

The research by El-Hajj et al. (2021) is primarily a mixed-methods case-control research that makes use of each quantitative (surveys), and qualitative (interviews) approaches to gathering knowledge with the intention to later present an exhaustive and complete interpretation of knowledge (p. 2). On the opposite, the research by Wekesah et al. (2019) is a phenomenological qualitative research that makes use of a coding system to interpret knowledge collected throughout semi-structured in-depth interviews with the members. Hence, the first distinction between the approaches is the truth that whereas the primary research goals at analyzing collective neighborhood knowledge with the assistance of structured interview approaches, the second research locations main emphasis on the person experiences of the members.

As far because the research by El-Hajj et al. (2021) is anxious, it needs to be outlined {that a} main advantage of such an strategy is the scope of the research, as structured communication with the sufferers permits for gathering extra samples. However, the outcomes of the analysis finally depended totally on the quantitative findings and didn’t account for the sufferers’ distinctive dietary experiences. When it involves Wekesah et al.’s (2019) analysis, it’s evident {that a} focus group dialogue is an asset by way of acquiring insights into the inhabitants’s notion of well being. However, the pattern of the research contains solely 65 individuals, and involving extra individuals within the research could also be a extremely costly endeavor by way of transcribing and systematizing knowledge.

Results of Study

Key findings of the research carried out by El-Hajj et al. (2021) state that there’s a vital correlation between age, socio-economic standing, schooling stage, marital standing, and dietary habits, and one’s predisposition for stroke. Non-stroke sufferers have a considerably higher stage of MeD adherence than stroke sufferers. The closing argument outlined by the researchers states that “the higher the adherence to MeD, the lower the risk of stroke” (El-Hajj et al., 2021, p. 4). The findings of the research carried out by Wekesah et al. (2019) conclude that one’s socio-economic background contributes to their notion of well being threat components and acutely aware prevention. Moreover, it’s acknowledged that stress and contaminated meals are a number of the most important contributors to the incidence of cardiovascular illnesses (CVDs) among the many inhabitants (Wekesah et al., 2019, p. 8). There is a robust want to extend the inhabitants’s consciousness of CVD preventive measures.

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Both research, though having main variations by way of their design, are primarily created to advertise the chance prevention charges among the many inhabitants. For this motive, their implication for the nursing observe is the rise within the stage of public well being schooling carried out by nurses on the matter of nutritious diet as technique of CVD prevention and stroke threat discount.

Ethical Considerations

The two main moral issues in conducting analysis are consent and impartiality. The first consideration issues the members’ settlement and consciousness when sharing delicate knowledge with the authors of the analysis. In order to safe consent on knowledge processing, it’s crucial to acquire both oral or written settlement on the participant’s half. The second consideration offers with the objectivity of knowledge processing, as often, authors keen to justify a sure speculation alter the first knowledge with the intention to obtain fascinating outcomes. To eradicate such a threat, the analysis is to be reviewed by neutral events.

In the research carried out by El-Hajj et al. (2021), all of the sufferers had been knowledgeable concerning the research intentions and actions plan previous to conducting the interview. Thus, all of the members agreed to share the info, however the consent was oral (El-Hajj et al., 2021, p. 2). As far as the opposite research is anxious, the process was related apart from the truth that the consent was written (Wekesah et al., 2019, p. 2). This research was additionally reviewed on the matter of moral approval by the Kenia Medical Research Institute (Wekesah et al., 2019, p. 9). No such data is indicated within the first article.

References

El-Hajj, M., Salameh, P., Rachidi, S., Al-Hajje, A., & Hosseini, H. (2021). Adherence to the Mediterranean weight-reduction plan decreases the chance of stroke within the Lebanese inhabitants: a case-control research. Pharmacy Practice (Granada), 19(1), 1-7.

Wekesah, F. M., Kyobutungi, C., Grobbee, D. E., & Klipstein-Grobusch, Okay. (2019). Understanding of and perceptions in the direction of cardiovascular illnesses and their threat components: a qualitative research amongst residents of city casual settings in Nairobi. BMJ Open, 9(6), 1-9.

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