Positive Psychology’s Influence on the Self Essay


Positive psychology is an idea that refers to quite a lot of methods that encourage folks to concentrate on their selves. In schooling, it implies larger consideration to college students’ feelings, attitudes, and concepts, which is predicated on the fundamentals of humanistic psychology. The paramount purpose of constructive psychology is to make sure the optimum functioning of individuals and advance their well-being (Kaiser et al., 2020). It additionally posits on the idea that solely college students who’re able to obtain help usually tend to succeed with their educational efficiency. It is necessary to grasp the impression of constructive psychology on college students’ self to make clear the present challenges and alternatives for making use of constructive considering in schooling.

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  • Problem: The present conceptions of self in schooling can’t meet the wants and preferences of scholars, which restrict their potential to develop as people. Students notice that schooling shouldn’t be attention-grabbing, whereas lecturers take note of curricula as a substitute of scholars’ distinctive selves.
  • Method: A essential literature evaluation is used to debate the above downside and make conclusions about the way forward for academic psychology.
  • Thesis: Positive psychology improves scholar efficiency because it focuses on their id, thoughts, self-regulation, and enthusiasm about studying.

Historical Timeline

  • the late medieval interval – the unit of a human life was acknowledged;
  • 1500-1800 – the excellence between the outer and internal selves;
  • Puritan society – self-consciousness and self-deception issues;
  • the Victorian period and the twentieth century – issues revealed are self-knowing, self-creation, self-understanding, and the relation of self to society;
  • early twentieth century – compete self-knowledge denial and devaluation of self;
  • Recent twentieth century – uniqueness of persona and self-exploration are prioritized; there’s a want to acknowledge one’s potential (Baumeister, 1987).

Beginning with the Christian values and morals, the notion of achievement is intently related to one’s individuality: “people are not people anymore, they are individuals” (Bekerman, & Zembylas, 2018a, p. 42)


Inadequate notion of self in academic psychology

The humanistic concepts of psychologists of the twentieth century eliminated the idea of personhood from its social, cultural, and historic traditions. Instead, political and ethical values had been assigned a prime precedence, which gave the impulse to self-management and self-enhancement theories. Martin (2004) states that they can’t meet the wants of scholars since they’re anticipated to perform as efficient residents solely. Little consideration is paid to selling the participation in socio-cultural contexts, and it limits the event of scholars. Therefore, there’s a have to create a brand new understanding of the self, specializing in particular units of cultural norms, traditions, and different parts of personhood.

Similar concepts are expressed by Vygotsky (1980), who claims that the event of personhood begins with the bodily beginning of an individual and continues when it comes to his or her developmental path. The views of Vygotsky (1980) and Martin (2004) are opposite to the vast majority of psychological approaches that pay extra consideration to the political surroundings in comparison with linguistic and relational contexts. Namely, the talked about authors counsel that even infants design their selves by internalizing the socio-cultural elements of their households. Accordingly, kids come to colleges and have already got their outlined selves, which needs to be taken into consideration by lecturers, in the event that they wish to contribute to their additional progress as personalities.

Empty self

Cushman (1990) additionally research the historic perspective and states that the self is empty, that means that it’s crammed with shopper merchandise, meals, and celebrities. Beginning with the post-World War II interval, many individuals are trapped by these points, which is translated to their kids and their schooling. In phrases of constructive psychology, counselors for adults, and lecturers for youngsters ought to make an effort to meet their selves with ethical and household values, equipping with the instruments to beat vacancy (Cushman, 1990). In a consumerism-driven trendy world, this downside appears to be particularly essential because the content material of the self depends upon the wants and expectations of an individual. Consequently, the nation’s future can also be impacted by the values kids after which adults apply of their lives.

Techne of psychology

The governing by rationality and autonomy led to the emergence of concepts concerning the techne of psychology that’s recognized by Rose (1998) because the methods to make clear attribute options of such complicated organizations as schooling, reform, advantage, and so forth. The methods to construct efficient schooling depends upon combining choices, folks, gadgets, and different parts. The function of psychology is to seek out the functions of assorted theories and methods to enhance the efficiency of the talked about institutional organizations. For instance, a take a look at is a tool that may present the calculable effectiveness of a scholar to differentiate her or him from others. This machine visualizes the educational efficiency by the use of curves and figures. However, with out a constructive method, the calculations can’t be correctly interpreted.

Doubtful analysis

Another impression of constructive psychology on the formation of the self is expounded to the sensible implications. Many theories of psychology lack a scientific method to scholar growth. According to Egan (2005), the vast majority of analysis research translate the next concept: concentrate on what a scholar already is aware of and lengthen this information. However, such claims appear to be one-sided and failing to make clear what precisely this scholar wants. Such an method is prone to result in regress because the instructor all the time seems again as a substitute of offering some alternatives for the longer term (Egan, 2005). From the view of constructive psychology, college students are thought-about as people who’re eligible to make errors, and it’s perceived as one thing inevitable and regular. More to the purpose, it’s acknowledged that studying from errors is efficient because it stimulates essential considering. The diminished quantity of novelty that’s at the moment practiced in faculties limits learners’ enthusiasm concerning the exploration of recent concepts and subjects.

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The notion of id permits for learning the classes of age, faith, ethnicity, race, occupation, and others, understanding the variations between folks (Bekerman & Zembylas, 2018). In schooling, some lecturers are probably to make use of these social id classes to state that the members of 1 group have related traits, reminiscent of African-Americans or kids from low-income households. This view restricts the borders of teams, which is the expression of energy relationships. The authorities can use it to unite folks and strengthen their sense of belongingness to the nation. In faculties, lecturers can use this method to unite college students and assign sure teams with particular traits. However, it creates an summary notion of id, whereas you will need to shift to recognizing id as a co-participant in a posh, social, and political environments (Bekerman & Zembylas, 2018b). In this case, constructive psychology promotes an in-depth examine of the self.

The self could be described by such epithets as genuine, hidden, materials, and so forth. For instance, whereas talking of a kid, folks typically say that he or she has a hidden potential, and so they use the “why” query to uncover it (Locke, 1975). However, little consideration is paid to the “how” query that refers back to the mind-set and appearing, failing to develop the genuine self and dealing with what is accessible.


If taken from the positivist perspective, the ideas of id and self are famous as studied by many research. Bekerman and Zembylas (2018a) declare that you will need to ask the “why” inquiries to uncover the potential of scholar to the fullest extent. At the identical time, “how” questions shouldn’t be underemphasized as they assist in specializing in the method of exploration, making doing issues extra significant. This goes in keeping with the positivist psychology that units significance on each the purpose and the method of reaching it.

In their examine, Kaiser et al. (2020) explored the impression of constructive psychology on self-regulated studying. They discovered that it’s essential for the educational success of scholars and serves because the assemble for self-efficacy, optimism, vanity, and hope. The examine of 1046 undergraduates confirmed a powerful hyperlink between constructive psychology and self-regulated studying. Accordingly, college students with higher self-regulation had larger motivation for studying and accomplished duties extra successfully.


Positive psychology is necessary for the institution and growth of the self. This method of academic psychology ensures that college students take note of the exploration of their internal and outer selves, with a concentrate on cultural, social, and political points. The present schooling lacks the enchantment to a scholar’s persona, which is attributable to the vacancy of selves. Therefore, constructive psychology strategies could be really useful for use by lecturers to assist learners uncover their selves.


Baumeister, R. F. (1987). How the self turned an issue: A psychological evaluation of historic analysis. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 52(1), 163-176.

Bekerman, Z., & Zembylas, M. (2018). Identity. In Psychologized language in schooling: Denaturalizing a regime of fact (pp. 57-66). Palgrave Macmillan.

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Bekerman, Z., & Zembylas, M. (2018a). Individuate, divide and reign. In Psychologized language in schooling: Denaturalizing a regime of fact (pp. 41-49). Palgrave Macmillan.

Bekerman, Z., & Zembylas, M. (2018b). The self (intensive adjective or being) genuine, hiding or materials? In Psychologized language in schooling: Denaturalizing a regime of fact (pp. 51-55). Palgrave Macmillan.

Brinkmann, S. (2010). Psychology as an ethical science: Perspectives on normativity. Springer Science.

Cushman, P. (1990). Why the self is empty: Toward a traditionally located psychology. American Psychologist, 45(5), 599-611.

Egan, Okay. (2005). Students’ growth in concept and apply: The uncertain function of analysis. Harvard Educational Review, 75(1), 25-41.

Kaiser, V., Reppold, C. T., Hutz, C. S., & Almeida, L. S. (2020). Contributions of constructive psychology in self-regulated studying: A examine with Brazilian undergraduate college students. Frontiers in Psychology, 10, 1-8.

Locke, J. (1975). Of id and variety.

Martin, J. (2004). The academic inadequacy of conceptions of self in academic psychology. Interchange, 35(2), 185-208.

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Rose, N. (1998). Expertise and the techne of psychology. Inventing Our Selves: Psychology, Power, and Personhood, 81-100.

Vygotsky, L. S. (1980). Mind in society. Harvard University Press.

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