Singapore Contract Law Analysis Case Study

If an individual is in one other individual’s premises and their relationship is such that the occupier and the invitee mutually profit, then there’s a responsibility of contract. In this regard, the occupier is accountable for guaranteeing that the premises are protected and the invitee can’t be harmed whereas on the premises. It is said within the Contributory Negligence and Personal Injuries Act chapter 54 that the occupier should take affordable steps to forestall any foreseen hurt to invitees. In this case, Kelsey Parks was an invitee to D & D shopping center (Phang & Yihan, 2012). Consequently, D & D shopping center had an obligation to guard Parks from any potential hurt.

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In suing for damages, Parks might want to present her contractual relationship with D & D shopping center. She involves the shopping center each weekend and often makes use of the automobile park. Therefore, there was no purpose why she wouldn’t have used the parking that day. Even although there was a discover, Parks can nonetheless sue the shopping center for damages. The purple hand rule, as defined by Lord Denning in Thornton, requires any peculiar clause to be delivered to the eye of individuals within the clearest methodology potential. However, for the case of Parks, the warning was not within the method that any individual would see. Nevertheless, the shopping center could argue that Parks must have seen the discover on the doorway. However, in line with Contributory Negligence and Personal Injuries Act, part 3(1) the fault of the claimant for injury shall not be used as an excuse to defeat the declare however can solely cut back the declare (O’Sullivan & Hilliard, 2012).

On the opposite hand, Parks could not be capable of exempt herself from the truth that she must have identified that vehicles are parked at homeowners’ threat which had been on the discover from the start. It was decided in J. Spurling Ltd v Bradshaw (1956) having had a number of dealings of the identical nature earlier than, the defendant must have been conscious of the exemption clause. Parks had handled D & D shopping center for a very long time and due to this fact must have identified that the mall accepted no legal responsibility for any car within the car parking zone. Consequently, the shopping center could also be exempted from legal responsibility. On the identical notice, the exemption clause requires that affordable discover be made. As was held within the case of Thompson v London Midland & Scottish Railway (1930) there was an affordable discover regardless of the exemption clause being referred to in a special place (Tabalujan & Toit-Low, 2009). Therefore, D & D shopping center could be exempted from the injury of the automobile as a result of that they had referred to the clause in purple.

However, the brand new discover wouldn’t exempt D &D from legal responsibility. To start with, Parks was used to get warnings within the parking space and never on the entrance. Similarly, the Unfair Contract Terms Act part 2(1) states that legal responsibility for negligence can’t be excluded simply because there was a private harm suffered. In the case of Donoghue v Stevenson (1932), Lord Atkin’s “neighbor” precept offers that one should take affordable care to keep away from acts or omissions that one can moderately foresee may injure a neighbor (Phang, Chan & Chiu, 2004). In this regard, D & D shopping center ought to have gone a step additional to even disable the automated bar to forestall folks from coming into. The functioning of the automated bar would have been confused to imply that each one was properly. Therefore, Parks has floor to sue for physique accidents however minimal possibilities of succeeding in automobile damages.


O’Sullivan, J. & Hilliard, J. (2012). The Law of Contract. London: Oxford University Press.

Phang, A. B., Chan, G., & Chiu, H. Y. (2004). Basic Principles of Singapore Business Law. Stanford: Thomson Learning.

Phang, A. B. & Yihan, G. (2012). Contract Law in Singapore. Alphen aan den Rijn: Kluwer Law International.

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Tabalujan, B. S. & Toit-Low, V. D. (2009). Singapore Business Law. Singapore: Business Law Asia.

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